Budget Pets and Ponds.com

Main Ailments and Diseases

 

Symptoms Possible Causes Treatments

Loss of balance, jerky swimming (abrupt start followed by halt), fast breathing.

Gulping air at the surface, rapid breathing.

Erratic swimming (shimmying).

Rubbing against decor (flashing), excessive mucus, red skin.

Weight loss, retarded growth.

Swollen abdomen, wounds on fins.

Protruding operculum, unsteady swimming (freshwater fish).

Skin ulcers, reddened fins/skin.

Cotton like layer (rare in saltwater fish).

Small white spots (freshwater fish).

Small white spots (saltwater fish).

Dusting of fine white or gold spots.

Swollen eyes (pop-eye).

Fin rot.

Degeneration of the barbells (freshwater fish).

Hole in the fish's head. (Head-and-lateral-Iine disease).

 

 

Excessively high levels of ammonia or nitrites. Lack of oxygen. These symptoms can also indicate a bacterial infection.

Lack of oxygen. Ammonia or nitrite poisoning.

Bacteria attacking the nervous system.

External parasite.

Internal parasite (often a worm).

Dropsy caused by bacteria.

Parasitic gill fluke on the gill filaments.

Bacterial infection.

Fungal infection caused by Sapro/egnia.

Ich parasite (/chthyophthirius).

Saltwater ich (Cryptocaryon).

Velvet (Godinium) in freshwater fish. Coral fish disease (Amy/oodinium).

Bacterial or sometimes viral infection.

Bacterial infection.

Poor water quality. Unsuitable substrate material.

Many possible causes: poor water quality, lack of vitamins, protozoan parasites, bacterial infection, poor environment, viral infection.

 

 

Make an immediate 25 percent water change and then partial water changes for a few days. Increase oxygenation. Treat any bacterial infection with a medication.

Increase oxygenation. Improve water quality.

Proprietary (antibiotic) medication.

Proprietary medication.

Proprietary (worming) medication.

Proprietary (antibiotic) medication.

Proprietary medication. Salt.

Proprietary (antibiotic) medication.

Proprietary medication. Salt.

Proprietary medication. Increase temperature.

Proprietary medication. Increase temperature.

Proprietary medication.Remove fish and increase temperature to speed life cycle.

Proprietary medication.

Proprietary medication. Salt.

Partial water changes. Replace the substrate.

Partial water changes. Supplementary vitamins. Diet based on live and Fresh foods. Try antibiotics.

 

 

Once fish have been cured, a rich and varied diet will allow them to build up their strength and quickly get back to normal.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phone 660-429-2277

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